The main policymaker in the electric power industry is the government of Kazakhstan. The Ministry of Energy of Kazakhstan is the public authority that manages the industry. The Committee of Atomic and Energy Supervision and Control under the Ministry of Energy of Kazakhstan is the public authority to supervise and monitor the industry.
The Committee on Regulation of Natural Monopolies under the Ministry of National Economy of Kazakhstan is the public authority to monitor and regulate the national monopoly activities (including KEGOC as a natural monopoly).
The participants of the wholesale electricity market are:
- the power generating organisations that supply electricity to the wholesale market in the amount of at least 1 MW of the daily average (baseline) capacity;
- the power transmission organisations;
- the power supply organisations that do not have their own electrical networks and buy electricity on the wholesale electricity market to resale it in the amount of at least 1 MW of the daily average (baseline) capacity.
The electricity consumption in Kazakhstan in 2019 as compared to 2018 increased by 1,964.8 million kWh or 1.9 % to 105,193.1 million kWh. Electricity generation in 2019 reached 106,029.8 million kWh, which is less than in 2018 by 767.3 million kWh or 0.7 %. In 2019, electricity production in Kazakhstan exceeded consumption by 836.7 million kWh.
Electricty generation and consumption, billion kWh
Electricity consumption, million kWh
Kazakhstan energy mix in 2019, by technology
The net power flow in the reporting period on the border with Russia amounted to 125.7 million kWh vs. 3,566.0 million kWh in 2018. The diagram presents both export and import with the account of the balancing electricity provided by Russia.
Electricity balance flow on the border with Russia, million kWh
|Electricity balance flow (right scale)
The net power flow on the border with Central Asia amounted to 962.4 million kWh. The export of electricity to Kyrgyzstan amounted to 273.0 million kWh (vs. contracted 269.238 million kWh), the import was 277.2 million kWh (vs. contracted 269.238 million kWh). The amount of electricity imported from and exported to Tajikistan amounted to 13.409 million kWh in full compliance with the concluded contract. Export from Ekibastuz GRES-1 LLP to Uzbekistan amounted to 966.6 million kWh.